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Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a condition that brings about ulcerations in the small or large intestine, causing discomfort and various symptoms. Two common types of IBD are Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn’s Disease, each with its unique characteristics and challenges.

Ulcerative Colitis:

Ulcerative colitis primarily targets the large intestine, leading to ulcerations and several noticeable symptoms. If you suspect ulcerative colitis, keep an eye out for the following signs:

Common Symptoms:

1. Diarrhea: Frequent and urgent trips to the bathroom.

2. Blood in Stool: Unusual red or black stools.

3. Urgency: A compelling need to rush to the toilet.

4. Incontinence: Accidental passage of stool in clothing.

5. Abdominal Pain: Discomfort or pain in the stomach area.

6. Weight Loss: Unexplained loss of weight.


Diagnosing ulcerative colitis involves a colonoscopy and biopsy, providing a clear picture of the condition.


Treatment varies based on the disease are:

1. Mild Disease: Mesalamines are commonly prescribed.

2. Moderate to Severe Disease: Steroids, antimetabolites, and Infliximab may be recommended.

3. Severe Cases: Surgery might be necessary.

Crohn’s Disease:

Crohn’s disease affects both the small and large bowel, causing ulcerations and a range of symptoms. Recognizing these symptoms can aid in seeking timely medical attention:

Symptoms of Crohn’s Disease:

1. Pain in Umbilical Region: Discomfort around the belly button.

2. Diarrhea: Frequent bowel movements.

3. Blood in Stool: Noticeable red or black stools.

4. Vomiting and Upper Abdominal Pain: Nausea and discomfort in the upper stomach.

5. Weight Loss: Unexplained loss of weight.

6. Fever: Elevated body temperature.

7. Abdominal Lump: A noticeable lump in the abdominal area.


Various tests are employed to diagnose and evaluate the extent of Crohn’s disease:

1. Colonoscopy and Biopsy

2. CT Enterography

3. Barium Study

4. Double Balloon Enteroscopy

5. Capsule Endoscopy


Treatment depends on the severity and extent of the disease:

1. Mild Disease: Mesalamine is often the first line of defense.

2. Moderate Disease: Oral steroids and antimetabolites may be prescribed.

3. Severe Disease: Steroids, antimetabolites, and Infliximab may be necessary.

4. Surgery: Reserved for severe but localized and stricturing disease.

In both cases, early detection and prompt medical attention are crucial. It’s essential to work closely with healthcare professionals to determine the most suitable treatment plan for your specific situation.

Remember, managing IBD involves not just medical interventions but also lifestyle adjustments. A balanced diet, stress management, and regular exercise can contribute to better overall well-being. If you suspect any symptoms or have concerns about inflammatory bowel disease, consult with a healthcare professional for a thorough evaluation and personalized guidance.

intestinal disease doctor in rewari
intestinal disease doctor in rewari


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